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About Weight Loss Surgery – Types, Risks, and More

About Weight Loss Surgery

Weight Loss Surgery – Sometimes being overweight can cause serious health problems. People who weigh 100 pounds (45 kg) or more than their ideal weight are more likely to develop medical issues. These problems contain diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnea, liver disease, and joint problems.

Weight loss surgery is furthermore called bariatric surgery, can support very overweight people who have tried unsuccessfully to lose weight and are dealing with serious medical problems. But this is not a quick fix. You must work hard before and after surgery.

Types of Weight Loss Surgery – Gastric Sleeve Surgery and Gastric Bypass Surgery.

What is Gastric Sleeve Weight Loss Surgery?

The gastric sleeve (also called sleeve gastrectomy ) is the most common surgical procedure used for weight loss. In this operation, the surgeon removes part of the stomach and forms a tube or “sleeve” with the rest of the stomach. The new banana-shaped stomach is considerably smaller than the original stomach.

After the operation, the person will eat less food, feel more satisfied than before, and be less hungry. The portion of the stomach removed in this operation made hormones that increased appetite, which will help control insulin. Therefore, the person’s desire will decrease, and their insulin resistance will improve after gastric sleeve surgery.

What is Gastric Bypass Weight Loss Surgery?

In a gastric bypass (also called a ” Roux-en-Y gastric bypass “), a surgeon creates a small sac in the upper part of the stomach. This sac becomes the new stomach. Surgeons then connect the sac to the middle of the small intestine, skipping the upper part of the small intestine.

After the operation, the stomach sac can hold much less food than a normal-size stomach. The person will eat less food, feel more satisfied than before, and be less hungry. And since the small intestine will be shorter, it will absorb fewer calories and fewer nutrients.

People with gastric bypass tend to lose more weight than those with a gastric sleeve, but they can also have more problems. The gastric bypass procedure is irreversible.

The Risks of Weight Loss Surgery

Similar to any other type of surgery, weight loss surgery comes with its risks.

Persons who have had weight loss surgery may have pain after eating. They may vomit, have diarrhea, or have heartburn (acid reflux) after eating, especially if they eat too much or too fast.

After the operation, people must get used to eating tiny amounts.  They need to chew their food more and space their meals throughout the day. If they don’t, they could be found wrong. They may even start gaining weight again.

Food can also move quickly through the stomach and intestines after weight loss surgery (especially gastric bypass). Doctors call this “rapid gastric evacuation syndrome,” “postgastrectomy syndrome,” or “dumping syndrome.” It can cause nausea, weakness, sweating, cramps, and diarrhea. Eating foods that remain high in sugar or fat can make this syndrome worse. Patients need to be very cautious about what they eat as their bodies get used to the new way of digesting food.

People who have taken weight loss surgery may not get all the nutrition they need. One of the reasons is that they are eating less. Also, when food does not travel through the entire digestive system, the body cannot absorb as many minerals and vitamins. After the operation, most people take vitamin and mineral supplements.

In rare cases, some people have severe problems after having weight loss surgery, such as the following:

  • bleeding
  • negative reaction to anesthesia
  • infection near cuts made for surgery
  • loss of gastric or intestinal contents, which can lead to conditions in the area around the stomach and other organs
  • a blood clot in the legs or lungs
  • intestinal obstruction
  • gastroesophageal reflux
  • new weight gain

Mental health problems, for example, depression and anxiety, cause concern both before and after the operation. Most people feel better after having this type of surgery, but some may still have problems. Teens who experience this should see a mental health professional and ask for help if they feel overwhelmed and sad or have other emotional issues.

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