What is Physical Exercise?
Physical Exercise – It is known as physical exercise to carry out planned, repetitive body movements and is sometimes supervised by an instructor to shape and enjoy healthy health physically.
It is an activity performed in free time, including dance, sports, gymnastics, and physical education. Physical exercise is the same as a person’s physical, mental and social well-being.
Exercise has a positive effect on the intellectual and also, emotional development of children and adolescents, which allows them to develop their creativity, control their problems better, contributes to having good self-esteem, helps to socialize, among other things, and this is why in all the educational establishments they encourage the realization of physical exercises through their physical education rooms, which consist of a theoretical part than in the completion of the practices. Likewise, under all the benefits provides by performing physical exercises, some workplaces organize activities that link to the development of a sport. In general, it is about making teams that practice different types of sports, either be it soccer, volleyball, basketball, among others to carry out a tournament.
The opposite of physical exercise is an inactive lifestyle. It signifies an absence of activity and energy expenditure is minimal. It can say that an idle person does not practice any physical exercise and his life is based on watching television, reading, doing office work, eating, talking, etc. Which are more prone to diseases such as diabetes, heart attacks.
Specialists indicate that it is enough to do 30 minutes of physical exercises 3 to 5 times a week to improve health. Agreeing to the World Health Organization (WHO) establishes that lack of physical activity contributes to 17% of heart disease and also, diabetes, 12% of falls in the elderly, and 10% of breast and colon cancer cases.
Physical activity and Physical Exercise
The terms of physical activity and exercise should not jumble. Conferring to the World Health Organization (WHO), physical activity measures any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that require energy expenditure, for example, housework, recreational activities, actions at work, between others.
Physical exercise changes planned, structured, repetitive body movements to improve or maintain physical fitness and health.
What is the difference between Physical Exercise and Physical activity or Fitness?
Exercise is a physical activity plans to improve physical fitness and health. Physical activity refers to any movement produced by skeletal muscle that uses energy. While physical fitness is a measurable state such as strength or endurance. Fitness divide into five categories: cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength muscle endurance, flexibility, and body composition. The Physical Activity Guidelines, 2nd Edition, provides advice on the amounts and types of physical activity needed to improve or maintain health and reduce chronic disease.
Why are fitness and physical activity necessary?
However, many chronic medical conditions are influenced by physical activity and fitness. And also, a lack of adequate aerobic exercise is associated with an approximately 10% risk of premature mortality. Inadequate physical activity contributes about $ 117 billion in annual health care costs.
Benefits of physical exercises
- The health benefits offered by physical exercise are:
- It inspires the immune system and prevents coronary and cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis. Different types of cancer such as prostate cancer and colorectal cancer.
- Improves mental health, avoids depressive states, grows self-esteem, improves body image.
- Increases cerebral circulation and increases thought processes.
Aerobic and anaerobic exercises
Aerobic and anaerobic exercises accompany the repetition of physical activities.
Their long duration and constant intensity characterize aerobic exercises. Their objective is to burn fat, work resistance, and lung capacity. Furthermore, the most common aerobic exercises are walking, jogging, swimming, dancing, skiing, pedaling. In turn, anaerobic workouts identify by their high intensity and short duration. With this type of exercise, they seek to strengthen muscles and also, develop flexibility.
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